This paper proposes that, through a comparative analysis, performed on public administration in the Balkan area, to highlight the public system reform and its evolution, and the influence of European legislation and also the programs promoted by the European Union in this area. Balkan states, members of EU: Greece, Slovenia, Bulgaria and Romania, are perhaps more than any other EU countries, in the centre of interest regarding external development assistance including financial assistance. Public administration reform occurs slowly, through public administration extent and addressing to her inefficiencies. Abused discretionary power leads to inefficient and unreliable legal system. Therefore, an analysis of public management system in the Balkan States is still necessary. Good governance and public administration reform for these countries also include ensuring the application of a regulatory system and improve efficiency and accountability in the public sector. The process of reforming the public system implies an increased state intervention in terms of supporting economic stability in the development and implementation of public policies to support economic and social development. Therefore, countries in the Balkan region need investments especially in the reconstruction of public infrastructure, this representing the support of a state in general. This paper also aims, through a descriptive and exploratory research, to analyze the public reform in Albania, which is an emerging non-EU state. The study case will analyze the complexity of the public administration transition in this country.