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Zooming the Ins and Outs of the U.S. Unemployment

Pedro Portugal and António Rua

Working Papers from Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department

Abstract: To better understand unemployment dynamics it is key to assess the role played by job creation and job destruction. Although the U.S. case has been studied extensively, the importance of job nding and employment exit rates to unemployment variability remains unsettled. The aim of this paper is to contribute to this debate by adopting a novel lens, wavelet analysis. We resort to wavelet analysis to unveil time- and frequency-varying features regarding the contribution of the job nding and job separation rates for the U.S. unemployment rate dynamics. Drawing on this approach, we are able to reconcile some apparently contradictory ndings reported in previous literature. We nd that the job nding rate is more inuential for the overall unemployment behavior but the job separation rate also plays a critical role, especially during recessions.

JEL-codes: C10 E24 E32 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mac
Date: 2017
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