The study examines the child labour phenomenon in the Latin America and Caribbean region from a gender perspective. It represents part of a broader effort to improve understanding of how child labour differs by sex, and to ensure that policies relating to child labour adequately reflect these differences. Using information from SIMPOC and LSMS survey datasets from 12 LAC countries, the study looks at differences by sex in key dimensions of the child labour phenomenom - its extent, nature, and effect on health and education outcomes. It addresses what type of activity is more common among girls, and extent to which girls' work experience differs from that of boys. The study also analyses how gender stereotypes and cultural norms affect household decisions concerning children's time use, and the implications this has for policy. The study encompasses not only girls and boys at work in economy activity, but also those performing household chores in their own homes. The latter group of children, dominated by girls, is frequently overlooked in child labour statistics and in analyses of child labour . The study also looks at girls and boys performing "double duty" and reportedly inactive children.