Influence of socio-demographic characteristics on different dimensions of household food insecurity in Montevideo, Uruguay
Maximo Rossi (),
Zuleika Ferre (),
María Rosa Curutchet,
Ana Giménez and
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Zuleika Ferre: Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República
María Rosa Curutchet: Observatorio de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional, Instituto Nacional de Alimentación
Ana Giménez: Sensometrics & Consumer Science, Instituto Polo Tecnológico de Pando, Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República
Gastón Ares: Sensometrics & Consumer Science, Instituto Polo Tecnológico de Pando, Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República
No 516, Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) from Department of Economics - dECON
Using a cross-sectional survey with a representative sample of households from the metropolitan area centered on Montevideo, we evaluate first the factorial structure of the Latin American & Caribbean Household Food Security Scale (ELCSA) with an exploratory factor analysis. Secondly, using a probit model we study the influence of socio-demographic characteristics on each of the identified dimensions of the food insecurity. The percentage of affirmative responses to the items of the ELCSA scale ranged from 31.7% to 4.4%. Two factors were identified with the exploratory factor analysis from households without children under 18 years old, whereas three factors were identified for households with children. The identified factors were associated with different severity levels of food insecurity. Likelihood of experiencing different levels of food insecurity was affected by individual characteristics of the respondent as well as characteristics of the household. Household income had the largest influence on all the dimensions, which indicates a strong relationship between income and food insecurity.
Keywords: food security; income; factor analysis; Latin America (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I14 I31 D12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: http://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ude:wpaper:0516
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