Vertical Fiscal Transfers and the Location of Economic Activity across a Country Regions.Theory and Evidence for Argentina
Pedro Esteban Moncarz (),
Alberto Figueras and
Marcelo Capello Additional contact information Alberto Figueras: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba
Marcelo Capello: Universidad Nacional de Córdoba; IERAL de Fundación Mediterránea
Argentina has an important system of vertical transfers with a compensatory aim including the convergence across sub-national regions. However, there still exist high levels of asymmetries among the country provinces. Extending Martin and Rogers’ FCM including non- tradable goods and public employment we analyse the effect on economic activity location that follows to changes on the regional distribution of transfers. An increase in the share of transfers a region receives positively effect the production of manufactures the higher are: transaction costs of goods produced under increasing returns to scale; the share of transfers that goes directly to consumers instead of local governments; the elasticity of substitution between differentiated goods; the share of consumers’ expenditure on manufactures via-as-vis on non- traded goods.