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Fertilizer Subsidies and Food Self-sufficiency in Indonesia

Peter Warr () and Arief Anshory Yusuf ()
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Arief Anshory Yusuf: Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University

No 201606, UNPAD SDGs Working Paper Series from Center for Sustainable Development Goals Studies, Universitas Padjadjaran

Abstract: Indonesia is a net importer of almost all of its staple foods. National self-sufficiency in food, especially the mainstaple, rice, is a core objective of economic policy. Poverty reduction is also a core policy objective. Since the 1970s, Indonesia has used agricultural input subsidies, especially on fertilizer, to stimulate agricultural production, largely in pursuit of its self-sufficiency goals. Recently, it has alsoused output protection, especially in rice, for the same purpose. This paper utilizes a multi-sectoral, multi-household general equilibrium model of the Indonesian economy to study the trade-offs between the goals of self-sufficiency and poverty reduction when two alternative means are used toachieve them: a fertilizer subsidy, on the one hand, and output protection, on the other. It does this by analyzing the aggregate and distributional effects of these two sets of policies and by comparing their effects with non-intervention. The analysis shows that, in terms of its effects on poverty, a fertilizer subsidy can be a more effective instrument for achieving the goal of rice self-sufficiency than final product import restrictions.

Keywords: Indonesia; Fertilizer subsidies; Food self-sufficiency (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D58 I32 F14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-06, Revised 2016-06
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http://sdgcenter.unpad.ac.id/paper/201606.pdf First version, 2016 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Fertilizer subsidies and food self-sufficiency in Indonesia (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Fertilizer Subsidies and Food Self-Sufficiency in Indonesia (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Fertilizer Subsidies and Food Self-sufficiency in Indonesia (2013) Downloads
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