Many observers have expressed concerns about the impact of a rise in interest rates upon banks in India. In this paper, we measure the interest rate risk of a sample of major banks in India, using two methodologies. The first consists of estimating the impact upon equity capital of certain interest rate shocks. The second consists of measuring the elasticity of bank stock prices to fluctuations in interest rates. We find that as of 31 March 2002, many major banks had economically significant exposures. Using the first approach, we find that roughly two-thirds of the banks in the sample stood to gain or lose over 25% of equity capital in the event of a 320 bps move in interest rates. Using the second approach, we find that the stock prices of roughly one-third of the banks in the sample had significant sensitivities.