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Adriana Jidovu ()
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Adriana Jidovu: Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Craiova

Articles R.U.S., 2018, vol. XIV, issue 2, 66-86

Abstract: This paper focuses on defining „globalization†and discussing its complex impact on society, from economy and politics, to education and culture. As globalization is a complex, enduring process, it entails a number of challenges, such as preserving a nation’s identity while instilling global values, adjusting education to global tendencies, integrating communities etc. „Globalization†is a popular and widely used term and a broadly accepted definition refers to disappearance of boundaries, transforming the world into one unit, and forming new supranational institutions. The process of globalization went through roughly three stages: 1870-1914, 1950-1980, and 1980-present day. Throughout these years, nations have seen changes in their economy, with the increase of trade, globalization of financial markets or transnational production. Education has evolved and changed alongside society. If in the past education only meant one stage in an individual’s life, contemporary society requires permanent education, as a result of labor movements or developments in science. In order to fully understand globalization, it is crucial to properly define the term „community†. The concept is the subject of many studies, and is defined as a social unit in which members are brought together by common interests, beliefs, and value. Closely related to globalization is sustainable development, which refers to meeting individual and social needs whithout negatively influencing the environment, so that future generations are not affected. As our world is facing a number of environmental problems, such as pollution, climate changes, resources depletion, nations have come together attempts to find proper, viable solutions.

Keywords: globalization; economy; development; community. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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