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Causal Interactions Between Co2 Emissions, Financial Development, Energy and Tourism

Çağatay Başarir and Yasin Nuri Çakir
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Çağatay Başarir: Department of Accounting and Tax Applications, Bandirma OnyediEylül University, Bandirma
Yasin Nuri Çakir: Department of Banking and Insurance, Bandirma OnyediEylül University, Bandirma

Asian Economic and Financial Review, 2015, vol. 5, issue 11, 1227-1238

Abstract: Aim of this study is to investigate the casual relationship between tourism, financial development, energy consumptions and carbon emissions in Turkey and four European Union countries France, Spain, Italy and Greece which are the main competitors of Turkish tourism for the 1995-2010 period. According to the results of the study, for the panel as a whole there are statistically significant feedback effects between the variables. One per cent increase in energy consumption will rise CO2 emission by 3.02 %, a one per cent increase in the financial development will decrease CO2 emission by 0.12 % and also one percentage increase in tourist arrival will decrease CO2 emission by 0.11 %. The causality analysis shows uni-directional causal relationship between the tourist arrivals and financial development. And also there is a bi-directional causality relationship between CO2 emission, financial development, and energy and tourist arrival.

Keywords: Financial development; CO2 emissions; Cointegration; Panel data analysis; Casuality; Tourism. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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