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Diverging Trends of Human Capital in Bric Countries

Abdul Awan

International Journal of Asian Social Science, 2012, vol. 2, issue 12, 2195-2219

Abstract: Introduction: Human capital is the stock of competencies, knowledge and personality attributes deem vital to produce economic value. It is the attributes gained by a worker through education, training and experience. According to modern growth theory, the accumulation of human capital is an important contributor to economic growth. Numerous cross-countries studies extensively explore whether educational attainment can contribute significantly to the production of overall output in an economy. Objective of the Study: The objective of this paper is to investigate the role of human capital in the fast growing economies of BRIC countries like Brazil, Russia, India and China during 2000-2011 and to assess sustainability of their growth in future. Methodology: The study is descriptive in nature because it mostly involves the description of the situation of human capital in the BRIC countries and measure change in the selected variables that are human capital and policy initiative and their positive impact on the BRIC economies. As the change in the selected variables is clearly visible, there is no need to use regression analysis technique. The author has applied statistical techniques such as trend analysis, content analysis and ratio analysis to measure change in the selected variables wherever it is necessary. Findings: The findings of the study are interesting and divergent because the human capital development has played a vital role in the fast economic growth of China, India and Brazil while Russia, which was endowed with human capital right from the beginning, could not materialize the potential of human capital during its transitional period from planned economy to market economy since 1990s, which is very much surprising. This appears the policy failure to capitalize the valuable human capital to accelerate economic growth. It has resulted in the scaling down of Russian Federation to middle income economy. In contrast, India, China and Brazil have been fully utilizing their human capital potential by following human capital developing policies and this factor not only has triggered their economic growth but also alleviated poverty in these countries.

Keywords: BRIC countries; Economic growth; Human capital; poverty alleviation; educational attainment. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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