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Importance of Probiotics in Gastrointestinal Tract

Kiran Konain, Sadia, Turfa Nadeem, Adeed Khan, Warda Iqbal, Arsalan, Amir Javed, Ruby Khan, Kainat Jamil and Kainat Jamil
Additional contact information
Kiran Konain: Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan
Sadia: Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Turfa Nadeem: Department of Pharmacy, The University of Lahore, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan
Adeed Khan: Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Warda Iqbal: Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Arsalan: Institute of Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Amir Javed: Institute of Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Ruby Khan: Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Kainat Jamil: Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Kainat Jamil: Centre of Biotechnology & Microbiology, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 2018, vol. 8, issue 3, 128-143

Abstract: Probiotics are those microorganisms that are incapable of causing any disease and when consumed, they impact the host positively. Treatment of GIT infections with antibiotics can affect this microflora of GIT which leads to several complications such as different colorectal cancers, constipation, allergic reactions and others. Thus, the addition of these useful bacterial species to the GIT may be an effective method to prevent such disease and also to restore the microbial equilibrium. Mostly used bacterial genera in the preparation of probiotics are Escherichia, Bacillus, Streptococcus, Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Enterococcus. Moreover, few strains of fungi belonging to Saccharomyces are utilized in probiotics preparation. In this review, we tried to assess the significance of probiotics in the gastrointestinal tract and also studied their adverse effects.

Keywords: Probiotics; Gastrointestinal infection (GIT); Microflora; Microbial equilibrium.; Clinical importance; Adverse effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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