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The Optimal Progressive Tax Policy to Reduced Vehicles Externalities

Yasser Ammar AL-Rawi, Mohammed Harith Imlus, Yusri Yusup and Sofri Bin Yahya
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Yasser Ammar AL-Rawi: Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMap), School of Business Innovation & Technopreneurship, Perlis, Malaysia
Mohammed Harith Imlus: Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMap), School of Business Innovation & Technopreneurship, Perlis, Malaysia
Yusri Yusup: Environmental Technology, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
Sofri Bin Yahya: Graduate School of Business, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia

Journal of Asian Scientific Research, 2018, vol. 8, issue 8, 265-276

Abstract: Although much of the emphasis in taxation studies relates to a particular type of tax, the contribution of this paper by try to combine different taxes in one tax, whereby it was widely agreed that a mixture of the different taxes is regarded an ideal to reduced vehicle emissions. The study used existing empirical literature to prove that the taxes on vehicles alone are not sufficient to reduce vehicles externalities or short-term effects of these taxes, therefore there is need to impose a tax on emission source strongly due to the fact that many contemporary scholars proposed to taxation based on the actual emissions test, and car types/engines. The approach of the study was shown in the diagram which used to design a proposed progressive tax system which consists of a mix of different taxes. Therefore, the current study will add to the current literature, by provides background and details on taxes on vehicles and its operations. The aim will be to comment on them in terms of design and effectiveness in reducing emissions.

Keywords: Vehicle externalities; Driving or usage taxes; Ownership taxes; Purchase or acquisition taxes; Progressive emission tax; Optimal tax policy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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