Accounting for Option-based Compensation: "The Economic Cost Approach"
Charles I. Harter and
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Charles I. Harter: North Dakota State University,
Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, 2002, vol. 29, issue 7&8, 1007-1022
The "intrinsic value" approach amortizes over the life of the option, the difference between the stock price on the date of the grant and the exercise price of the option. The "fair market value" approach amortizes over the life of the option, the market value of stock options on the date of the grant. These approaches do not reflect the changes in the option-based compensation cost after the grant date. This paper proposes an "economic cost approach" that not only adjusts for the changes in the value of the options during its life but also records the issuance of the stock at fair market value on the exercise date. Copyright Blackwell Publishers Ltd 2002.
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