Polarization by Sub-populations in Spain, 1973-91
Carlos Gradín ()
Review of Income and Wealth, 2000, vol. 46, issue 4, 457-74
We use an extension of the Esteban and Ray (1994) approach to polarization in order to analyze the role of different household characteristics in the formation of groups in Spanish expenditure distribution, e.g. educational level, position in the labor market, and region. According to a first approach we assume that groups are determined by a characteristic that their members share, and we study which gives rise to a higher level of polarization. In a second approach we can also investigate which characteristics better explain an observed level of polarization, assuming that income proximity determines the group to which one belongs. In both cases we take into account the effect of social stratification on polarization. Copyright 2000 by The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth.
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