Education Subsidies, Social Security and Growth: The Implications of a Demographic Shock
Frédéric Docquier () and
Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 1999, vol. 101, issue 3, 425-40
We develop a three-period overlapping-generations model in which individual decisions about education are the engine of growth. In this setting, we investigate the normative role of education subsidies and old age pensions. Calibrating this model on empirical data, it is shown that the case for positive pension benefits is rather weak on the optimal path. An important part of education subsidies should be financed by lump-sum taxes on retirees. We also examine how these transfers should be adjusted in the presence of a baby boom-baby bust demographic shock. It turns out that an appropriate policy could be to increase education when the baby-boom generation is at work. Labor productivity will then be higher when aging peaks so that the pension bill can be financed without reducing welfare for the baby-bust generations. Copyright 1999 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.
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