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Spatial Segregation, Redistribution and Welfare: A Theoretical Model

Tommaso Gabrieli ()

Urban Planning, 2016, vol. 1, issue 1, 68-78

Abstract: This paper develops a theoretical model focusing on the effect that different neighborhood compositions can have on the formation of individual beliefs about economic opportunities. Specifically we highlight two effects that spatial segregation may have: (1) it can efficiently separate the individual effort choices of highly and low productive individuals, (2) it may imply that the median voter imposes a level of redistribution that is inefficient from the aggregate point of view. The trade-off implies that segregated and non-segregated cities may present very similar levels of aggregate welfare. We employ this framework to discuss how the structure of cities can play a role in the determination of US-type and Europe-type politico-economic equilibria and the implications for planning policies.

Keywords: median; voter; redistribution; spatial; segregation; welfare (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Handle: RePEc:cog:urbpla:v:1:y:2016:i:1:p:68-78