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Managing the Transition towards Circular Metabolism: Living Labs as a Co-Creation Approach

Libera Amenta, Anna Attademo, Hilde Remøy, Gilda Berruti, Maria Cerreta, Enrico Formato, Maria Federica Palestino and Michelangelo Russo
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Libera Amenta: Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, TU Delft, The Netherlands / Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Anna Attademo: Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Hilde Remøy: Department of Management in the Built Environment, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, TU Delft, The Netherlands
Gilda Berruti: Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Maria Cerreta: Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Enrico Formato: Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Maria Federica Palestino: Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Michelangelo Russo: Department of Architecture, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

Urban Planning, 2019, vol. 4, issue 3, 5-18

Abstract: Resource consumption and related waste production are still rapidly increasing all over the world, leading to social and environmental challenges and to the production of the so-called ‘wastescapes’. Peri-urban areas—in-between urban and rural territories—are particularly vulnerable and prone to develop into wastescapes because they are generally characterised by mixed functions and/or monofunctional settlements, as well as by fragmentation in a low-density territory that is often crossed by large infrastructure networks. Moreover, peri-urban areas are generally the selected locations for the development of plants for waste management. In this way, they are crossed by waste flows of a different nature, in a landscape of operational infrastructures and wasted landscapes. Implementing Circular Economy (CE) principles, interpreting waste and wastescapes as resources, is a way to significantly reduce raw material and (soil) resource consumption, improving cities’ metabolism. A circular approach can positively affect the spatial, social and environmental performances of peri-urban areas. However, the transition towards a CE presents many challenges. This article outlines an approach to address these challenges, presenting a co-creation process among researchers, experts and stakeholders within Living Labs (LLs) processes. LLs are physical and virtual spaces, aiming at the co-creation of site-specific eco-innovative solutions (EIS) and strategies. In the LLs, public–private–people partnerships are developed by applying an iterative methodology consisting of five phases: Co-Exploring, Co-Design, Co-Production, Co-Decision, and Co-Governance. This article presents a case study approach, analysing the co-creation methodology applied in two peri-urban living labs, located in the Metropolitan Areas of Naples (Italy) and Amsterdam (The Netherlands), within REPAiR Horizon2020 research project.

Keywords: circular; economy; circular; metabolism; circular; waste; management; co-creation; co-governance; living; labs; peri-urban; living; labs; resource; scarcity; waste; management; wastescapes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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