Citizen Innovation: Exploring the Responsibility Governance and Cooperative Mode of a “Post-Schumpeter” Paradigm
Jin Chen (),
Linghui Han () and
Guannan Qu ()
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Jin Chen: School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Linghui Han: School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Guannan Qu: School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 2020, vol. 6, issue 4, 1-11
It has become a burgeoning trend for the innovation paradigm to shift from producer-dominant to non-producer centric. Based on a critical review of the non-producer innovation literature, we identified several limitations of existing non-producer innovation paradigms—grassroots innovation, free innovation, common innovation, and social innovation—along two critical dimensions: responsibility governance of innovation outcomes and effective organizing form for collaborative innovation. To address the theoretical gaps in existing non-producer innovation research, we propose citizen innovation (CI) as a new integrated innovation paradigm to balance these two dimensions by focusing on citizens’ unique role as innovators. In the paper, we discuss CI’s theoretical framework from three aspects: (1) citizen participation in innovation; (2) open collaborative innovation as the organizing form; (3) the process and incentive mechanisms of citizen innovation. We also offer two real-world examples to support the main propositions and mechanisms of CI. To conclude, we reflect on the limitations of the current research and discuss future directions for CI research.
Keywords: citizen innovation; non-producer innovation; open collaboration; innovation paradigm (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: M (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:gam:joitmc:v:6:y:2020:i:4:p:172-:d:454348
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