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Cyber-Security for ICS/SCADA: A South African Perspective

Barend Pretorius and Brett van Niekerk
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Barend Pretorius: Transnet and University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Brett van Niekerk: Transnet and University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

International Journal of Cyber Warfare and Terrorism (IJCWT), 2016, vol. 6, issue 3, 1-16

Abstract: Industrial control systems (ICS) or supervisory, control, and data acquisition (SCADA) systems drive many key components of the national infrastructure. It makes these control systems targets for cyber-attacks by terrorists and nation-states who wish to damage their target economically and socially, and cyber-criminals who blackmail the companies operating the infrastructure. Despite the high risk of leaving these systems exposed, providing adequate cyber-security is often challenging. The Stuxnet worm illustrated how vulnerable control systems potentially are when it bypassed a number of security mechanisms to cause physical damage to an Iranian nuclear facility. The article focuses on ICS/SCADA in South Africa discussing the unique challenges and legislation relate to securing control system in the South Africa. A governance and security framework for overcoming these challenges are proposed.

Date: 2016
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