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Watermark Embedding for Multiscale Error Diffused Halftone Images by Adopting Visual Cryptography

Yuanfang Guo, Oscar C. Au and Ketan Tang
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Yuanfang Guo: HKUST, Hong Kong SAR, China
Oscar C. Au: HKUST, Hong Kong SAR, China
Ketan Tang: HKUST, Hong Kong SAR, China

International Journal of Digital Crime and Forensics (IJDCF), 2015, vol. 7, issue 1, 51-68

Abstract: Error Diffusion has been widely adopted in the printing industry due to its good visual quality and simple implementation. However, error diffusion still possesses its own deficiencies. Thus multiscale error diffusion (MED) has been developed, and this method outperforms traditional error diffusion according to extensive research results. The majority of previous halftone image watermarking techniques cannot be directly applied to MED halftone images. Since there is no halftone visual watermarking (HVW) method for MED halftone images in existing methods, we propose the first HVW method for MED halftone images, Copyright Protecting Multiscale Error Diffusion (CoP-MED), in this paper. By adopting the visual cryptography principle, CoP-MED can effectively embed a secret pattern into two MED halftone images, where the secret pattern can be decoded clearly by simply overlaying the two stego halftone images or performing not-exclusive-or operation between them. Parameter selection is also discussed based on the experimental results. Later, in comparison tests, CoP-MED shows superior performance compared to existing works.

Date: 2015
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