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Towards Implementing a Nationwide Electronic Health Record System in Nigeria

Jerry S. Pantuvo, Raouf Naguib and N. Wickramasinghe
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Jerry S. Pantuvo: Coventry University, UK
Raouf Naguib: Coventry University, UK
N. Wickramasinghe: RMIT University, Australia

International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives (IJHDRI), 2011, vol. 3, issue 1, 39-55

Abstract: The World Health Organization identified inadequate Health Information Systems as a challenge in Nigeria. Many developed countries have either implemented or are in the process of implementing an Integrated Electronic Health Record (EHR) system because of its potential benefits. Pilot projects in many developing countries like Kenya, Malawi, Peru, and Haiti are demonstrating the viability of EHR in resource constrained areas. This study shows that the health system in Nigeria is pluralistic and complex with Federal, State and Local Governments, Health Related Agencies, Non-Governmental Organizations, private healthcare providers, patients, and researchers as the major stakeholders. The drivers for adoption of a nationwide EHR include the need to report data; improve patient safety, improve work place efficiency; comply with government reforms aimed at reducing the cost and increasing access to health services. Corruption, poor coordination among stakeholders, and lack of constant supply of electricity are some of the barriers to a successful implementation of a nationwide EHR. Factors considered critical to a successful implementation of a nationwide EHR include enforceable legislation, a trained and motivated workforce, and significant and sustainable funding.

Date: 2011
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