INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVE: Restrictions on Worldwide Space Technology Exports
Matthew Bullock and
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Marco Guglielmi: European Space Agency, The Netherlands
Matthew Bullock: European Space Agency, The Netherlands
Jean-Pierre Patureau: Bertin Technologies, France
International Journal of Space Technology Management and Innovation (IJSTMI), 2011, vol. 1, issue 2, 18-40
The European Space Agency (ESA) has established a Technology Observatory to actively monitor and benchmark the evolution of space technologies worldwide in support of its space technology strategy. One of the issues that has been recently analysed is the effect of restrictions placed by national governments worldwide on the export of space technologies. In this paper, the authors discuss the main findings of this survey. Import and export restrictions and indicative space related export and import flows are mapped and analysed. In addition, space-related cooperation agreements are reviewed. Positive and negative impacts of export and impact restrictions are identified and analysed. Major space faring countries have national legislations dealing with â€˜sensitiveâ€™ technologies; however, the scope and type of legislations vary widely. Diverging trends have been identified for major exporting space industries. The European space sector has experienced a large increase while its American counterpart witnessed a net decrease; countries like China, India, Japan, and Russia are more active in export activities. U.S. export regulations have had the strongest impact on shaping the world export market. The widening of the export market strengthens the impact of export restrictions in Europe.
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