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The Demand for Individual Grievance Procedures in Germany and Spain: Labour Law Changes versus Business Cycle/La demanda de reclamaciones laborales individuales en Alemania y España: Derecho Laboral versus Ciclo Económico

Bernd Frick (), Miguel Malo (), Pilar Garcia Martinez () and Martin Schneider ()
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Bernd Frick: Department of Management, UNIVERSITY OF PADERBORN, and Institute of Labour Law and Industral Relations, UNIVERSITY OF TRIER, GERMANY.
Martin Schneider: Department of Management, UNIVERSITY OF PADERBORN, and Institute of Labour Law and Industral Relations, UNIVERSITY OF TRIER, GERMANY.

Estudios de Economia Aplicada, 2012, vol. 30, No 1, 283-310

Abstract: In this article, we analyze the determinants of annual number of grievance procedures, mainly individual complaints against unfair dismissals. Econometric analyses using two balanced panels from the 11 West German states (1964-2006) and the 17 autonomous regions of Spain (1987-2006) show that labour market characteristics, such as the unemployment and the vacancy rate have a much stronger influence on the cyclical demand for individual grievance procedures than changes in “workers’ rights”. Thus, the individual costs of unemployment are better predictors of the demand for individual grievance procedures than institutional changes strengthening or weakening employees’ rights. En este artículo, se analizan los determinantes del número de procesos de despido individual improcedente. Los análisis econométricos realizados usando dos paneles equilibrados de datos de 11 estados de Alemania del Oeste (1964-2006) y 17 comunidades autónomas de España (1987-2006) muestran que algunas características del mercado de trabajo tales como la tasa de desempleo o la de vacantes tienen una influencia mayor en la demanda cíclica de reclamaciones individuales que los cambios en los derechos de los trabajadores. Así, el coste individual del desempleo predice mejor las reclamaciones por despido y salariales que los cambios institucionales que alteran los derechos de los trabajadores.

Keywords: Tribunales Laborales; despidos; protección por despido; desempleo; vacantes; Labour Courts; Dismissals; Dismissal Protection; Unemployment; Vacancies. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J53 J63 K31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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