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The Gender Pay Gap in Italy: Some Evidence on the Role of Decentralized Collective Bargaining /La brecha salarial de género en Italia: Algunas evidencias sobre el papel de la negociación colectiva descentralizada

Chiara Gnesi (), Stefano de Santis () and Stefania Cardinaleschi ()
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Chiara Gnesi: Italian National Institute of Statistics, Via Cesare Balbo 16, 00184 Roma, Italy.
Stefano de Santis: Italian National Institute of Statistics, Via Cesare Balbo 16, 00184 Roma, Italy.
Stefania Cardinaleschi: Italian National Institute of Statistics, Via Cesare Balbo 16, 00184 Roma, Italy.

Estudios de Economia Aplicada, 2016, vol. 34, No 1, 109-132

Abstract: This paper aims to contribute to the existing literature on Gender Pay Gap (GPG), by using data collected by ISTAT with the Structural Earnings Survey (SES) for 2002, 2006 and 2010. The analysis focuses on the source of this wage gap in 2010, pointing out the role of bonuses related to performance in shaping gender gap in earnings. The analysis is carried out in three steps. After having assessed the existence of GPG in the Italian labour market with a descriptive analysis, the contribution of individual characteristics and institutional features (including decentralized collective bargaining at enterprise level) are pointed out over time. The analysis proceeds by isolating the subset of employees receiving performance pay (PP) in order to assess the role of PP in the gender gap in earnings. The analysis ends by pointing out the contribution of individual, job and firm characteristics to the probability of receiving PP. Can decentralized collective bargaining be considered as an element to promote an equal distribution of wages? Is PP the component of wage that gives the highest return on human capital? Este trabajo trata de contribuir a la literatura existente sobre la brecha salarial de género mediante el uso de los datos recogidos por el ISTAT con la Encuesta de Ingresos Estructural (SES) por los años 2002, 2006 y 2010. En la primera parte, se evalúa la existencia de GPG en el mercado de trabajo italiano con un análisis descriptivo a lo largo de los años 2002-201 subrayando el papel desarrollado tanto por las características individuales como por las características institucionales del mercado laboral y de l economía (incluyendo la negociación colectiva descentralizada a nivel de empresa). En la segunda el análisis evaluando el papel del PPD en la diferencia salarial de género. El trabajo se concluye destacando la influencia en la probabilidad de recibir PPD relacionada con las características individuales, profesionales y de las empresas. ¿La negociación colectiva descentralizada, puede ser considerada un elemento para promover una distribución equitativa de los salarios?. ¿Es el PPD el componente del salario que le da más alto rendimiento al capital humano?.

Keywords: Brecha salarial; negociación; pagos por desempeño; regresión; probit; Gender Pay Gap; Bargaining; Bonuses; Regression; Probit. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J31 J52 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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