Destatization in the Agrarian Sphere
Problems of Economic Transition, 1992, vol. 34, issue 11, 40-54
The problem of the country's transition to a market, to a market economy, has ceased to be debatable. Professional economists are not the only ones today who recognize the necessity of the transition to a market. It is becoming obvious that without the market we cannot emerge from the economic crisis, create an effectively functioning economy, and raise the people's standard of living. While several years ago the question of whether the market was necessary and whether it was compatible with socialism was the subject of debate, today the majority of the population has opted for the market, and the debate has finally shifted to the plane of practical actions. World experience and the practice of not only capitalist countries but Eastern Europe, China, and Vietnam as well offer convincing evidence that there is no alternative to the market. There may be variations on making the transition to a market, but it is impossible to build an effective system of management without a market. Recognition of this fact has been reflected—albeit in large measure formally and incompletely—in the documents of state and government bodies. The Basic Directions of Stabilizing the National Economy and Making the Transition to a Market Economy (approved at the end of 1990 by the USSR Supreme Soviet) and the USSR Cabinet of Ministers' program of action, developed in April 1991, for bringing the economy out of its crisis envisage the formation of a socially oriented market economy with one degree or another of substantiation and radicalism.
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