Effects of Age at Fattening On Butana Camel Males Carcass Characteristics in the Sudan
Asma Himmed Mohammed Hamed,
Mohamed Elamin Elimam and
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Asma Himmed Mohammed Hamed: Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Gadarif, Gadarif, Sudan
Mohamed Elamin Elimam: Goat Research Centre, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, P.O. Box 20, Wad Medani, Sudan
Solafa I.O.A.: Goat Research Centre, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, P.O. Box 20, Wad Medani, Sudan
Animal Review, 2014, vol. 1, issue 2, 17-25
Twelve male Butana camels were bought from Gadarif livestock market at 2, 3 and 4 years old (four in each age group) and fattened for eight weeks in the Animal Production Research Station in Gadarif, Gadarif State, Sudan. They were weighed before the morning meal at the beginning of the experiment and then weekly. The animals were fed sorghum stover ad lib in two equal meals at 8.00 am and 4.00 pm Each animal was daily offered 2.0 kg concentrates. The animals were fed for two weeks as a preliminary period before fattening for eight weeks. At the end of the experiment the animals were fasted overnight, weighed and then slaughtered. Blood was collected and head, neck and legs were removed and weighed. The animals were then skinned, eviscerated and body components were removed and weighed separately. The gastro intestinal tract was weighed full and empty. The hot carcass was weighed with the kidneys intact and then one carcass side was divided into 6 whole sale cuts and the cuts were then dissected into muscle, bone and fat. Data was statistically analyzed by analysis of variance for a completely randomized design using SPSS program. The means were compared using least significant difference (LSD). Slaughter weight, EBW and hot carcass weight increased with age at fattening and were significantly (P 0.05) different between 3 and 4 years old. Hides, fore legs and hind legs weights were significantly (P
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