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Effect of Environmental Pollution on Production and Metabolic Profile in Buffalo Cows

Fiorella Sarubbi, Raffaele Palomba, Assunta Arrichiello and Giuseppe Auriemma
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Fiorella Sarubbi: Institute for Animal Production System in Mediterranean Environment. National Research Council, Naples, 80147 Naples, Italy
Raffaele Palomba: Institute for Animal Production System in Mediterranean Environment. National Research Council, Naples, 80147 Naples, Italy
Assunta Arrichiello: Institute for Animal Production System in Mediterranean Environment. National Research Council, Naples, 80147 Naples, Italy
Giuseppe Auriemma: Institute for Animal Production System in Mediterranean Environment. National Research Council, Naples, 80147 Naples, Italy

Animal Review, 2016, vol. 3, issue 2, 52-58

Abstract: The aim of this study was to verify the effects of environmental impact caused by dioxin on milk production and metabolic profile in the buffalo cows. The authors analyzed some representative blood parameters related to their different metabolisms, the amount of zinc in blood samples, and milk production parameters, on 160 buffalo cows raised in four farms located in areas with a different environmental impact. Urea, glucose, creatinine, AST (aspartate aminotransferase), ALT (alanine aminotransferase) and zinc contents were determined on serum samples. Milk samples from each buffalo were collected. Daily milk yield and milk composition were significantly different among farms. No difference in milk protein content was found. Urea content, was higher. Glucose concentrations were significantly lower than in farms located in an area contaminated by dioxin. Creatinine values were normal. AST and ALT values were slightly higher than normal. So far, there are not studies on the effect of dioxin on production and metabolic profile in buffalo cows. This study indicates that buffalo breeding herds exposed to dioxins would induce damage in the hepatic parenchyma cells as a result of animal welfare. Accordingly, the effects of environmental pollutants may expose the animals to several infections and diseases, which could affect not only the production traits, but also the qualitative features of their products devoted to human consumption.

Keywords: Dioxin; Metabolic profiles; Milk quality; Buffalo cows; Polychlorinated dibenzo-para-dioxins/ furans; Polychlorinated biphenyls. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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