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Restrictive or expansive selection: the uneven role of tariff structure in improving market access

Carmen Fillat-Castejón
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Carmen Fillat-Castejon ()

Journal of Economic Policy Reform, 2018, vol. 21, issue 1, 39-58

Abstract: We estimate the effect of tariff reforms on market access from the Doha Round until the Great Recession. Gravity estimates yield significant effects of the variation in tariff structure. The change in the Mercantilist Trade Restrictiveness Index reveals that the change in tariff dispersion reflects a restrictive selection counteracting the effect of average tariff reductions. Restrictiveness is concentrated in East Asia and Pacific while, in Latin America and Caribbean, selection is expansive. We illustrate reforms in China, finding strong restrictive selection. Simulations highlight reforms with unchanged dispersion for their larger improvement in market access and a simultaneous improvement in welfare.

Date: 2018
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DOI: 10.1080/17487870.2017.1305902

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