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An Analysis of the Macroeconomic Conditions Required for SME Lending: Evidence from Turkey and Other Emerging Market Countries

Hatice Jenkins ()

Panoeconomicus, 2017, vol. 64, issue 1, 77-92

Abstract: Providing small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with access to external finance has been a major concern for many governments and international organizations for three decades. In recent years the experiences of emerging market countries suggest that a paradigm shift is taking place in SME finance. Particularly in fast-growing emerging market countries such as Turkey, banks are increasingly targeting SMEs as a new line of banking business. This research analyzes how macroeconomic factors have contributed to increased commercial bank lending to SMEs in six emerging market countries: Turkey, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, and Poland. Based on time series and panel data analysis, we find that a high GDP growth rate and increased competition in the banking sector have contributed to increased banking sector credit to SMEs. The findings also reveal that curbing the high inflation rate and reducing government domestic borrowing have significantly encouraged bank lending to the SME segment.

Keywords: SME lending; Macroeconomics; Banking sector; Emerging mar- kets; Access to credit (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G21 G28 O12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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Handle: RePEc:voj:journl:v:64:y:2017:i:1:p:77-92