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Learning by Outward FDI: Evidence from Chinese Manufacturing Enterprises Abstract: Using firm-level data of Chinese manufacturing enterprises between 1998 and 2007, we investigate the existence and channels of “learning by outward FDI”. Difference-in-differences estimation reveals that productivity of Chinese parent firms is significantly improved by their outward foreign direct investment and the learning effects form a “V” shape in the following years. There is no significant difference in learning effects between state-owned enterprises and non-state-owned enterprises; neither do we find any evidence that investing in countries with advanced technology gives more learning effects.In addition, we find that learning effects mainly come from technology transfer, technology spillovers and an enlarged production scale

Yaping Yang (), Zhuhong Wu () and Yutian Chen ()
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Yaping Yang: Corresponding author Jinan University, School of Economics, China Center for Economic Development and Innovation Strategy of Jinan University,Guangzhou, China
Zhuhong Wu: Jinan University, School of Economics, Guangzhou, China
Yutian Chen: California State University Long Beach, Department of Economics,Long Beach, USA

Panoeconomicus, 2017, vol. 64, issue 4, 401-421

Keywords: Outward foreign direct investment; Learning effects; Learning channels; Difference-in-difference estimator (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 F21 F23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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