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Is the European Union membership a sufficient factor to improve the level of regional development? The case of Albania and voivodeships in Poland

Sylwester Kozak () and Etleva Muça ()
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Etleva Muça: Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania

Zeszyty Naukowe Małopolskiej Wyższej Szkoły Ekonomicznej w Tarnowie / The Malopolska School of Economics in Tarnow Research Papers Collection, 2020, vol. 46, issue 2, 13-27

Abstract: The article presents the results of research on changes in the level of regional development in Albania and in all voivodeships in Poland in the years 2010–2017. The applied annual data come from national statistical offices and include two social and six economic criteria. The study used one of the methods of multi-criteria decision analysis—TOPSIS with vector and linear parameters’ normalization. The results obtained (for both methods of normalization) indicate that in the years 2010–2017 Albania made the greatest progress in regional development, raising it from the lowest level in 2010 to comparable with several Polish voivodeships in 2017. Unlike some Polish voivodeships, Albania has significantly improved the demographic situation, conditions on the labour market and reduced employment in agriculture. The group of Polish voivodeships that have achieved the greatest progress in regional development have maintained positive demographic perspectives, increased the GDP growth, improved labour market conditions and increased the economic activity of their inhabitants. The results of the study indicate that EU membership is a favourable, but in some cases insufficient, circumstance for raising the overall living standards of households and the performance of enterprises operating in a given region.

Keywords: Albania; Poland; regional development; TOPSIS method (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:znm:journl:v:46:y:2020:i:2:p:13-27

DOI: 10.25944/znmwse.2020.02.1327

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