Licensing Inventions from Entrepreneurial Universities: The Context of Bayh–Dole
Anne M. Rector and
Marie C. Thursby
A chapter in Technological Innovation: Generating Economic Results, 2016, vol. 26, pp 361-413 from Emerald Publishing Ltd
Abstract Licensing from US universities is done within the overall legal framework of the Bayh–Dole Act of 1980 and the employment agreements of universities. This chapter explains common contracts used by universities to license technologies developed by their faculty and students within the context of these laws. In addition to the legal framework, the nature of license agreements is affected by the embryonic nature of most university inventions, which necessitates faculty and student involvement in development, and the entrepreneurial goals of the university. Universities have diverse goals in terms of revenue, licenses executed, inventions commercialized, patents filed, and number of startups formed. The somewhat obvious problem is that the goals of faculty, students, the university, and the licensee may not be aligned. Common contracts used are meant to align these goals. While some contracts include multiple terms such as upfront fees, running royalties, annual payments, and equity, Express Licenses are increasingly being used to accommodate the entrepreneurial environment. This chapter discusses these issues and also the importance of the rights to sublicense inventions.
Keywords: Bayh–Dole; Express License; running royalties; sublicense rights (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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