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An Operationalizing Theoretical Framework for the Analysis of Universal Health Coverage Reforms: First Test on an Archetype Developing Economy

Sameera Awawda () and Mohammad Abu-Zaineh ()
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Sameera Awawda: Aix-Marseille Univ., CNRS, EHESS, Centrale Marseille, AMSE, https://www.amse-aixmarseille.fr/fr/membres/awawda

No 1904, AMSE Working Papers from Aix-Marseille School of Economics, France

Abstract: This paper presents an operationalizing theoretical framework to analyze the potential effects of universal health coverage (UHC) using dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model. The DSGE encapsulates a set of heterogeneous households that optimize their intertemporal utility of consumption, health capital, and leisure. The model is calibrated to capture the salient features of an archetype developing economy. The model is, then, used to simulate alternative UHC-financing policies. The theoretical framework we propose can be easily adapted to assess the implementation of UHC in a particular developing country setting. When applied to a hypothetical country, results show that the implementation of UHC can indeed improve access to healthcare for the population while offering households financial protection against future uncertainty. However, the degree of financial risk protection appears to vary across heterogeneous households and UHC-financing policies, depending on the associated benefits and the additional burden borne by each group.

Keywords: universal health coverage; financial risk protection; dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model; developing countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-hea and nep-mac
Date: 2019-02
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