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Evaluating the stresses from ECB monetary policy in the euro area

Jim Lee () and Patrick Crowley ()

No 11/2009, Research Discussion Papers from Bank of Finland

Abstract: This paper investigates the extent to which euro area monetary policy has responded to evolving economic conditions in individual member states as opposed to the euro area as a whole. Based on a forward-looking Taylor rule-type policy reaction function, we conduct counterfactual exercises that compare the monetary policy behaviour of the ECB under alternative hypothetical scenarios: (1) the euro member states make individual policy decisions, and (2) the ECB responds to the economic conditions of individual members. Stress measures are then constructed to evaluate the degree of divergence of member state economies under these two hypothetical scenarios. The results we obtain reflect the extent of heterogeneity among the national economies in the monetary union, indicating that euro area policy rates have been particularly close to the 'counterfactual' interest rates of the largest euro members and countries with similar economic conditions, namely Germany, Austria, Belgium and France. Keywords European Central Bank, monetary policy reaction, Taylor rule, counterfactual analysis JEL classification numbers E52, C53,

JEL-codes: C53 E52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2009-04-05
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