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Self-selection of peers and performance

Lukas Kiessling (), Jonas Radbruch () and Sebastian Schaube ()

CRC TR 224 Discussion Paper Series from University of Bonn and University of Mannheim, Germany

Abstract: In many natural environments, carefully chosen peers influence individual behavior. Using a framed field experiment at secondary schools, we examine how self-selected peers affect performance in contrast to randomly assigned ones. We find that self-selection improves performance by approximately 15% of a standard deviation relative to randomly assigned peers. Our results document peer effects in multiple characteristics and show that self-selection changes these characteristics. However, a decomposition reveals that variations in the peer composition contribute only little to the estimated average treatment effects. Rather, we find that self-selection has a direct effect on performance.

Keywords: Framed field experiment; Peer effects; Self-selection; Peer assignment rules (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C93 D01 I20 J24 L23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 76
Date: 2019-08
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