Childhood Housing and Adult Earnings: A Between-Siblings Analysis of Housing Vouchers and Public Housing
Henry O. Pollakowski and
Daniel Weinberg ()
Working Papers from U.S. Census Bureau, Center for Economic Studies
To date, research on the long-term effects of childhood participation in voucher-assisted and public housing has been limited by the lack of data and suitable identification strategies. We create a national level longitudinal data set that enables us to analyze how children’s housing experiences affect adult earnings and incarceration rates. While naive estimates suggest there are substantial negative consequences to childhood participation in voucher assisted and public housing, this result appears to be driven largely by selection of households into housing assistance programs. To mitigate this source of bias, we employ household fixed-effects specifications that use only within-household (across-sibling) variation for identification. Compared to naive specifications, household fixed-effects estimates for earnings are universally more positive, and they suggest that there are positive and statistically significant benefits from childhood residence in assisted housing on young adult earnings for nearly all demographic groups. Childhood participation in assisted housing also reduces the likelihood of incarceration across all household race/ethnicity groups. Time spent in voucher-assisted or public housing is especially beneficial for females from non-Hispanic Black households, who experience substantial increases in expected earnings and lower incarceration rates.
JEL-codes: H43 I31 I38 J38 J62 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ure
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
https://www2.census.gov/ces/wp/2013/CES-WP-13-48RR.pdf First version, 2013 (application/pdf)
Working Paper: Childhood Housing and Adult Earnings: A Between-Siblings Analysis of Housing Vouchers and Public Housing (2016)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cen:wpaper:13-48rr
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from U.S. Census Bureau, Center for Economic Studies Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dawn Anderson ().