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Does grade retention affect students’ achievement in Colombia?

Luz Abadia Alvarado (), Silvia Gómez Soler (), Juanita Cifuentes González () and Ignacio Penagos Montoya ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Silvia C. Gomez Soler ()

Vniversitas Económica from Universidad Javeriana - Bogotá

Abstract: This paper evaluates the impact of grade retention on the results of Colombian students in the 2015 PISA exam. We use a Switching Regression Model (SRM) approach to control for self-selection bias due to unobserved characteristics, such as student’s ability or attitude towards studying that may affect both the probability of being retained and students’ academic performance. We find that those students who have repeated at least a school year get on average lower math, science and reading scores. Moreover, our findings show that the impact of grade retention on academic performance is greater on female students.

Keywords: grade retention; student academic performance; endogenous Switching regression model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I21 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39
Date: 2018-07-26
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ure
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:col:000416:016518

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