Does grade retention affect studentsâ€™ achievement in Colombia?
Luz Abadia Alvarado (),
Silvia Gómez Soler (),
Juanita Cifuentes González () and
Ignacio Penagos Montoya ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Silvia C. Gomez Soler ()
Vniversitas Económica from Universidad Javeriana - Bogotá
This paper evaluates the impact of grade retention on the results of Colombian students in the 2015 PISA exam. We use a Switching Regression Model (SRM) approach to control for self-selection bias due to unobserved characteristics, such as studentâ€™s ability or attitude towards studying that may affect both the probability of being retained and studentsâ€™ academic performance. We find that those students who have repeated at least a school year get on average lower math, science and reading scores. Moreover, our findings show that the impact of grade retention on academic performance is greater on female students.
Keywords: grade retention; student academic performance; endogenous Switching regression model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 I21 I24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ure
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:col:000416:016518
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