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Fighting for Not-So-Religious Souls: The Role of Religious Competition in Non-Religious Conflicts

Héctor Galindo Silva; Guy Tchuente () and Guy Tchuente ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Guy Tchuente ()

Vniversitas Económica from Universidad Javeriana - Bogotá

Abstract: Abstract Many countries embroiled in non-religious civil conflicts have experienced a dramatic increase in religious competition in recent years. This study examines whether increasing competition between religions affects violence in non-religious conflicts. The study focuses on Colombia, a deeply Catholic country that has suffered one of the world’s longest-running internal conflicts and, in the last few decades, has wit-nessed an intense increase in religious competition between the Catholic Church and new non-Catholic churches. The estimation of a dynamic treatment effect model shows that establishing the first non-Catholic church in a municipality substantially increases the probability of an attack by a left-wing guerrilla group. Further analysis suggests that the increase in guerrilla attacks is associated with the expectation among guerrilla groups that their membership will decline as a consequence of more intense competition with religious groups for followers.

Keywords: Marketplace for Religion; Armed Conflict (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H41 O17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 56
Date: 2019-10-21
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-evo
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:col:000416:017555

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