Educational inequalities in Latin America, PISA 2012: causes of differences in school performance between public and private schools
Geovanny Castro Aristizabal (),
Gregorio Gimenez and
Domingo Ximénez-de-Embún ()
No 19, Working Papers from Faculty of Economics and Management, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali
The paper notes and explains the causes of the differences in school performance between public and private schools in Latin America. It uses information from the 8 Latin American countries that participated in PISA 2012. The estimations, two steps with instrumental variables, combined with the technique of the Oaxaca-Blinder’s decomposition, reveal that Uruguay and Brazil had the highest education gap, and Colombia and Mexico the lowest. These differences are explained, mainly, by the observed component of the model. Specifically, the differences in individual characteristics explain the greater proportion of the gaps in performance; followed by family characteristics and resources of the schools. In addition, the decomposition in the no-observed component suggests that students from private schools make better use of the educational resources, both in their homes and in their schools.
Keywords: academic achievement; public and private education; educational production function; instrumental variables; Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition; PISA; Latin America. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C29 I21 I24 I28 I29 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 31 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-eff, nep-lam and nep-ure
References: View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
ftp://repec.javerianacali.edu.co/WorkingPapers/ddtn192016.pdf First version, 2016 (application/pdf)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ddt:wpaper:19
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in Working Papers from Faculty of Economics and Management, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Alexandra Simpson Silva ().