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Nonparametric prediction of stock returns guided by prior knowledge

Michael Scholz (), Jens Perch Nielsen () and Stefan Sperlich ()
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Michael Scholz: Karl-Franzens University Graz
Jens Perch Nielsen: Cass Business School

No 2012-02, Graz Economics Papers from University of Graz, Department of Economics

Abstract: One of the most studied questions in economics and finance is whether equity returns or premiums can be predicted by empirical models. While many authors favor the historical mean or other simple parametric methods, this article focuses on nonlinear relationships. A straightforward bootstrap-test confirms that non- and semiparametric techniques help to obtain better forecasts. It is demonstrated how economic theory directly guides a model in an innovative way. The inclusion of prior knowledge enables for American data a further notable improvement in the prediction of excess stock returns of 35% compared to the fully nonparametric model, as measured by the more complex validated R2 as well as using classical out-of-sample validation. Statistically, a bias and dimension reduction method is proposed to import more structure in the estimation process as an adequate way to circumvent the curse of dimensionality.

Keywords: Prediction of Stock Returns; Cross-Validation; Prior Knowledge; Bias Reduction; Dimension Reduction (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 C53 G17 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ecm, nep-for and nep-knm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2)

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