EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Securing women's employment: A fertility booster in European countries?

Angela Greulich, Olivier Thévenon () and Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière ()
Additional contact information
Mathilde Guergoat-Larivière: LIRSA - Laboratoire interdisciplinaire de recherche en sciences de l'action - CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM], CEE - Centre d'études de l'emploi - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Education nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Santé

Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) from HAL

Abstract: This article gives evidence that differences in completed fertility among European countries emerge mainly as a result of fewer women having a second child in low fertility countries and analyses the impact of women's employment on the probability of second child birth. With longitudinal data from the European Survey of Income and Living conditions (EU-SILC) and aggregated data from the OECD Family Database, we find that, on average within European countries, women in stable employment have a significantly higher probability of second childbirth than inactive or unemployed women. However, while female employment generally favours a transition to second childbirth in high-fertility countries, the impact is heterogenous in low-fertility countries. This points to a work-life balance conflict that is stronger in low-fertility countries. To address this issue, multilevel models are run to compare the role of various policies: not surprisingly, they show that childcare policies – which are the most effective policies to secure women's employment – are the most likely to encourage couples to enlarge their families and that the positive effect of stable employment on fertility is reinforced by this policy.

Keywords: low fertility; female employment; work-life balance; Europe; family enlargement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015-04-01
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01298946
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01298946/document (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Securing women's employment: A fertility booster in European countries? (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Securing women's employment: a fertility booster in European countries? (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Securing women's employment: a fertility booster in European countries? (2016) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01298946

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) from HAL
Bibliographic data for series maintained by CCSD ().

 
Page updated 2019-07-16
Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:hal-01298946