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From public to private safety regulation?

Jean-Marie Codron (), M'hand Fares () and Elodie Rouviere ()
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M'hand Fares: UMR MOISA - Marchés, Organisations, Institutions et Stratégies d'Acteurs - Montpellier SupAgro - Institut national d’études supérieures agronomiques de Montpellier - Institut Agro - Institut national d'enseignement supérieur pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement - CIHEAM-IAMM - Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Méditerranéennes - Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen de Montpellier - CIHEAM - Centre International de Hautes Études Agronomiques Méditerranéennes - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - Montpellier SupAgro - Centre international d'études supérieures en sciences agronomiques

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Abstract: Recent EU law of safety self-regulation by firms leads French fresh produce importers to negotiate with public authorities a collective self-monitoring safety agreement. Our paper is a case study of such an agreement in the Perpignan import market. Its actual design poses a problem of incentive alignment as long as it does not fit in with theoretical conditions. Empirical evidence and two complementary bodies of literature are used to deal with this issue. First, drawing on the literature of incentive schemes in teams, we show that implementing a collective discipline within the group is highly unlikely. Second, by turning to the literature of voluntary approaches to food safety we show that conditions for efficient enforcement are not met either. By introducing supermarkets as a third part we propose an enriched framework which allows a better understanding of why importers abide by the agreement and allocate resources in safety control.

Keywords: Voluntary Approaches; Food Safety; Imports; Fresh produce (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007
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Published in International Journal of Agricultural Resources Governance and Ecology, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd., 2007, 6 (3), pp.415-427

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