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Two scenarios for carbon capture and storage in Vietnam

Minh Ha-Duong and Hoang Anh Nguyen Trinh ()
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Hoang Anh Nguyen Trinh: CleanED - Clean Energy and Sustainable Development Lab - USTH - University of sciences and technologies of hanoi

Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Hoang Anh NGUYEN-TRINH ()

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Abstract: Vietnam plans to develop dozens of new coal-fired power generation units over the next 20 years. In order to reduce emissions, it may appear necessary to dispose of these plants' CO2 by burying it in deep underground geological formations instead of releasing it into the atmosphere, using Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology. We show that CCS has a technical potential in Vietnam. To discuss under which economics conditions this potential could actualize, we examine two scenarios for 2050. In the first scenario, CO2 is used in Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) only. The second scenario considers CCS deployment in coal-based power plants, on top of using it for EOR. In both scenarios, a few gas-fired CCS power plants are build, reaching 1GW in 2030, supported by Enhanced Oil Recovery and international carbon finance. The decision point where the two scenarios diverge is in 2030. A scenario to switch all currently existing or planned power plants to low-carbon by 2050 is to retrofit 3.2 GW of coal-fired capacity and install 1.2 GW of gas-fired capacity with CCS every year, starting in 2035 for 15 years. Capture readiness would lower the costs of using CCS in Vietnam, but is not mandatory today.

Keywords: scenarios; energy; vietnam; carbon capture and storage (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene, nep-env and nep-sea
Date: 2017-11
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Published in Energy Policy, Elsevier, 2017, 110, pp.559-569.

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Journal Article: Two scenarios for carbon capture and storage in Vietnam (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Two scenarios for carbon capture and storage in Vietnam (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Two scenarios for carbon capture and storage in Vietnam (2017) Downloads
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