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The Impact of the European Monetary Union on Inflation Persistence in the Euro Area

Barbara Meller and Dieter Nautz ()

No SFB649DP2009-037, SFB 649 Discussion Papers from Humboldt University, Collaborative Research Center 649

Abstract: This paper uses the European Monetary Union (EMU) as a natural experiment to investigate whether more effective monetary policy reduces the persistence of inflation. Taking into account the fractional integration of inflation, we confirm that inflation dynamics differed considerably across Euro area countries before the start of EMU. Since 1999, however, results obtained from panel estimation indicate that the degree of long run inflation persistence has converged. In line with theoretical predictions, we find that the persistence of inflation has significantly decreased in the Euro area probably as a result of the more effective monetary policy of the ECB.

Keywords: Monetary Policy Effectiveness and Inflation Persistence; Panel Test for Fractional Integration; Change in Inflation Persistence (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 C23 E31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-eec, nep-mac and nep-mon
Date: 2009-07
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Working Paper: The impact of the European Monetary Union on inflation persistence in the euro area (2009) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hum:wpaper:sfb649dp2009-037

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