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TFP Convergence in German States since Reunification: Evidence and Explanations

Michael Burda () and Battista Severgnini ()

SFB 649 Discussion Papers from Humboldt University, Collaborative Research Center 649

Abstract: A quarter-century after reuni cation, labor productivity in eastern Germany continues to lag systematically behind the West. Denison-Hall-Jones point-in-time estimates point to large gaps in total factor productivity as the proximate cause, and auxiliary measurements which do not rely on capital stock data con rm a slowdown in TFP growth after 2000. Strikingly, capital intensity in eastern Germany, especially in industry, has overshot values in the West, casting doubt on the embodied technology hypothesis. Indeed, TFP growth is negatively associated with rates of expenditures on both total investment and plant and equipment. The best candidates for explaining the stubborn East-West TFP gap are the low concentration of managers in the East and the insucient R&D expenditure, rather than the concentration of rm headquarters and R&D personnel.

Keywords: Productivity; regional convergence; German reuni cation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D24 E01 E22 O33 O47 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 45 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-eur and nep-mac
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