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Is Poland a welfare state?

Jakub Sawulski

No 02/2017, IBS Policy Papers from Instytut Badan Strukturalnych

Abstract: We determine whether Poland is a welfare state by looking at social expenditures as a share of GDP, taking into account that the share tends to increase with the level of income. By this criterion Poland is a welfare state. The share of social expenditure in GDP is high in Poland compared to countries with similar income levels, although still lower than in the majority of wealthier EU Member States. The structure of social expenditure in Poland is marked by high pension expenditure. Education spending is close to the EU average. Low public health expenditure, on the other hand, diverges from EU standards. Following the introduction of the Family 500+ Programme, Poland has become one of the top EU spenders on family policy. The main challenge for social policy is to improve the quality of health care and limit the negative impact of certain types of social expenditure on labour force participation.

Keywords: welfare state; public expenditure; social expenditure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H50 H53 H55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-age, nep-pbe and nep-tra
Date: 2017-10
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