Toward a US-China Investment Treaty
C. Fred Bergsten,
Cathleen Cimino (),
Gary Hufbauer (),
J. Jensen (),
Sean Miner (),
Theodore Moran () and
Jeffrey Schott ()
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Cathleen Cimino: Peterson Institute for International Economics
Sean Miner: Peterson Institute for International Economics
No PIIEB15-1, PIIE Briefings from Peterson Institute for International Economics
The United States and China are among the world's largest trading nations. They serve as the destination and source of the world's largest flows of foreign direct investment, and they participate in regional economic arrangements on trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific region and other parts of the world. Yet when it comes to direct investment in each other's economies, China and the United States are among the world's underperformers. The successful conclusion of the negotiation of a US-China bilateral investment treaty (BIT) could change this situation. In this PIIE Briefing, experts examine prospects for a US-China BIT now that negotiations have revived after a hiatus following the 2008 election of President Barack Obama, whose economic team had other economic priorities upon taking office. After spending its first years holding internal debates about trade deals, the administration completed an internal US government review of investment issues in 2012 and resumed talks with China in 2013. The essays in this study focus on recent developments that could inform and possibly set precedents for the investment pact. They also examine issues that pose challenges to a successful negotiation. Jeffrey J. Schott and Cathleen Cimino analyze the recent China-Japan-Korea investment pact and compare it with investment provisions that the United States has developed in its model BIT. Sean Miner and Gary Clyde Hufbauer discuss how a US-China BIT should address US concerns in China regarding subsidies, unfair advantages for state-owned enterprises, and uneven application of competition policy. J. Bradford Jensen analyzes the potential for increased trade in business services. Hufbauer, Miner, and Theodore H. Moran analyze review procedures of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). In a concluding overview, C. Fred Bergsten assesses the broader context of US-China economic relations.
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