Wage Moderation in Crises; Policy Considerations and Applications to the Euro Area
Raphael Espinoza (),
Prakash Loungani (),
Paulo A Medas,
Antonio Spilimbergo () and
No 15/22, IMF Staff Discussion Notes from International Monetary Fund
The paper studies the impacts of wage moderation in the euro area. Simulation results show that if a single euro area crisis-hit economy undertakes wage moderation, the impact on output is positive for that economy and for the entire euro area. If all crisis-hit economies undertake wage moderation together, their output still expands, albeit to a lesser degree. If the wage moderation is accompanied by cuts in policy interest rates by the central bank—and by quantitative easing once interest rates hit the zero lower bound—then output for the entire euro area expands as well.
Keywords: Wage bargaining; Euro Area; Wage adjustments; Negative spillovers; Monetary policy; Euro area, Crisis, Current account, Internal devaluation, Unemployment, Wage moderation, economies, devaluation, monetary policy, economy, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, International Business Cycles, All Countries, (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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