EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Emigration and Its Economic Impact on Eastern Europe

Ruben V Atoyan, Lone Engbo Christiansen, Allan Dizioli, Christian Hubert Ebeke (), Nadeem Ilahi, Anna Ilyina, Gil Mehrez, Haonan Qu, Faezeh Raei, Alaina Rhee and Daria V Zakharova

No 16/7, IMF Staff Discussion Notes from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: This paper analyses the impact of large and persistent emigration from Eastern European countries over the past 25 years on these countries’ growth and income convergence to advanced Europe. While emigration has likely benefited migrants themselves, the receiving countries and the EU as a whole, its impact on sending countries’ economies has been largely negative. The analysis suggests that labor outflows, particularly of skilled workers, lowered productivity growth, pushed up wages, and slowed growth and income convergence. At the same time, while remittance inflows supported financial deepening, consumption and investment in some countries, they also reduced incentives to work and led to exchange rate appreciations, eroding competiveness. The departure of the young also added to the fiscal pressures of already aging populations in Eastern Europe. The paper concludes with policy recommendations for sending countries to mitigate the negative impact of emigration on their economies, and the EU-wide initiatives that could support these efforts.

Keywords: Emigration and immigration; Central and Eastern Europe; Private sector; Global competitiveness; Skilled labor; Remittances; Income; Economic growth; Gross domestic product; Emigration, remittances, growth, convergence, Eastern Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-int and nep-tra
Date: 2016-07-20
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (10) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.aspx?sk=42896 (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:imf:imfsdn:16/7

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/pubs/ord_info.htm

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IMF Staff Discussion Notes from International Monetary Fund International Monetary Fund, Washington, DC USA. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jim Beardow ().

 
Page updated 2019-11-12
Handle: RePEc:imf:imfsdn:16/7