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Capital Inflows; The Role of Controls

Jonathan Ostry (), Atish Ghosh (), Karl Habermeier, Marcos Chamon (), Mahvash Qureshi and Dennis Reinhardt ()

No 2010/04, IMF Staff Position Notes from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: With the global economy beginning to emerge from the financial crisis, capital is flowing back to emerging market countries (EMEs). These flows, and capital mobility more generally, allow countries with limited savings to attract financing for productive investment projects, foster the diversification of investment risk, promote intertemporal trade, and contribute to the development of financial markets. In this sense, the benefits from a free flow of capital across borders are similar to the benefits from free trade (see Reaping the Benefits of Financial Globalization, IMF Occasional Paper 264, 2008), and imposing restrictions on capital mobility means foregoing, at least in part, these benefits, owing to the distortions and resource misallocation that controls give rise to (see Edwards and Ostry, 1992, for an example of how capital controls interact with other distortions in the economy).

Keywords: Cross country analysis; Capital controls; Capital inflows; Banking sector; Financial crisis; Exchange rate appreciation; Reserves accumulation; Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009; Fiscal policy; Monetary policy; capital flows, foreign exchange, capital account (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-02-19
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